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Written by Oleksandr Gavenko (AKA gavenkoa), compiled on 2024-04-01 from rev 052223c22317.


User management

User in wheel group automatically get root permission with su command, use one of:

$ su
$ su -

Also wheel group allow access to system logs.

To set user password:

$ passwd $USER

To set user shell:

$ chsh
$ chpass -s /bin/ksh

Network configuration

Set host name:

$ hostname $HOST
$ echo $HOST > /etc/myname

Manually setup DHCP:

$ ifconfig       # find out available interfaces
$ dhclient $IF
$ ifconfig       # check out if thinks go ok

Set DNS resolution by modifying /etc/resolve.conf:

domain example.local
nameserver DNS1
nameserver DNS2

Set local host name resolution by modifying /etc/hosts:

::1 localhost localhost. localhost localhost.

Set static IP address to interface by adding file /etc/hostname.$IF:


Applay network configuration:

$ /etc/rc.d/network restart

Package management

Easy way to install packages is to put:

export PKG_PATH=ftp://ftp.NetBSD.org/pub/pkgsrc/packages/NetBSD/$(uname -m)/7.0/All

into /root/.profile and run as root one of:

$ pkg_add emacs
$ pkg_add -v emacs

System wide environment variable set in /etc/profile.

Update userland packages:

$ pkg_add -uu $PKG1 $PKG2

Remove installed package:

$ pkg_delete $PKG


$ shutdown -p now

Enable SSH

Add ntpd=YES to /etc/rc.conf.

Enable NTP

Adjust server in /etc/ntp.conf:

server time.mit.edu

Add ntpd=YES to /etc/rc.conf.


To enable VESA framebuffer edit /boot.cfg:

menu=Boot NetBSD:vesa 1280x800;boot netbsd

To disable ACPI edit /boot.cfg: