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Written by Oleksandr Gavenko (AKA gavenkoa), compiled on 2017-01-30 from rev ccaa2f364422+.

Display.

Probe display properties

Currently attached displays and supported display resolutions:

$ xdpyinfo
$ xrandr

Display DPI:

$ xdpyinfo | grep dots

Native display resolutions

===== ======  ======  =========
19"    4:3    SXGA    1280х1024
20"    4:3    UXGA    1600x1200
21"    4:3    UXGA    1600x1200
22"   16:10   WUXGA   1920x1200
24"   16:10   WUXGA   1920x1200
26"   16:10   WUXGA   1920x1200
30"   16:10   WQXGA   2560x1600
===== ======  ======  =========

Display resolutions:

=====  ==========   ==============
Name   Megapixels   Width x Height
=====  ==========   ==============
CGA     0.064         320×200
EGA     0.224         640×350
VGA     0.3           640×480
SVGA    0.5           800×600
XGA     0.8          1024×768
SXGA    1.3         1280×1024
UXGA    1.9         1600×1200
WUXGA   2.3         1920×1200
=====  ==========   ==============

Selecting display

http://www.100fps.com/how_many_frames_can_humans_see.htm
How many frames per second can the human eye see?
http://www.tftcentral.co.uk/articles/panel_parts.htm
Panel Part Databases
http://www.tftcentral.co.uk/panelsearch.htm
Panel Search
http://www.lagom.nl/lcd-test/inversion.php
LCD inversion test.

ICC Profiles

PC display modes.

VESA standards (SUPER VGA):

640x480 text & graphics (256-16M colors)
800x600 text & graphics (16-16M colors)
1024x768 text & graphics (16-16M colors)
1280x1024 text & graphics (16-16M colors)

IBM standards:

MDA   720x350 text only, monochrome
CGA   320x200 text & graphics (4 colors)
EGA   640x350 text & graphics (16 colors)
MCGA  640x400 text; 320x200 graphics (256 cols)
VGA   720x400 text; 640x480 graphics (16 colors)
8514 1024x768 text & graphics (256 colors)
XGA  1024x768 text & graphics (256 colors)

Hercules standard:

720x348 text & graphics (monochrome)

VESA modes:

VESA BIOS Extension (VBE)
Super VGA modes defined by VESA

Mode no.                  Video
Dec. Hex  Res.    Colors  RAM used
256  100  640x400   256   250K
257  101  640x480   256   300K

258  102  800x600    16   234K
259  103  800x600   256   469K

260  104  1024x768   16   384K
261  105  1024x768  256   768K

262  106  1280x1024  16   640K
263  107  1280x1024 256  1280K

264  108   80x60 text     9.3K
265  109  132x25 text     6.4K
266  10A  132x43 text    11.1K
267  10B  132x50 text    12.9K
268  10C  132x60 text    15.5K

269  10D  320x200   32K   125K
270  10E  320x200   64K   125K
271  10F  320x200   16M   188K

272  110  640x480   32K   600K
273  111  640x480   64K   600K
274  112  640x480   16M   900K

275  113  800x600   32K   938K
276  114  800x600   64K   938K
277  115  800x600   16M  1406K

278  116  1024x768  32K  1536K
279  117  1024x768  64K  1536K
280  118  1024x768  16M  2304K

281  119  1280x1024 32K  2560K
282  11A  1280x1024 64K  2560K
283  11B  1280x1024 16M  3840K

    81FF  Special mode to save
          and restore video RAM.

Note

As of VBE 2.0, VESA no longer defines new modes by number. It provides
a mechanism for defining the mode by resolution.

Number Pixel bits colors R G B 32K 5 5 5 64K 5 6 5 16M 8 8 8

Earlier IBM modes:

Mode
No. CGA
0   320x200  40x25 txt  16 gray
1   320x200  40x25 txt  16 colors
2   640x200  80x25 txt  16 gray
3   640x200  80x24 txt  16 colors
4   320x200  graphics    4 colors
5   320x200  graphics    4 gray
6   640x200  graphics   monochrome

EGA
0   320x350  40x25 txt  16 gray
1   320x350  40x25 txt  16 colors
2   640x350  80x25 txt  16 gray
3   640x350  80x25 txt  16 colors
7   720x350  80x25 txt  monochrome
13  320x200  graphics   16 colors
14  640x200  graphics   16 colors
15  640x350  graphics   monochrome
16  640x350  graphics   16 colors

MCGA
0   320x400  40x25 txt  16 gray
1   320x400  40x25 txt  16 colors
2   640x400  80x25 txt  16 gray
3   640x400  80x25 txt  16 colors
17  640x480  graphics   monochrome
19  320x200  graphics   256 colors

VGA
0   360x400  40x25 txt  16 gray
1   360x400  40x25 txt  16 colors
2   720x400  80x25 txt  16 gray
3   720x400  80x25 txt  16 colors
7   720x400  80x25 txt  monochrome
18  640x480  graphics   16 colors

XGA
640x480   graphics   256 colors
640x480   graphics   64K colors
1024x768  graphics   256 colors