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Written by Oleksandr Gavenko (AKA gavenkoa), compiled on 2024-04-01 from rev 052223c22317.


Sound in Debian.

Test speaker and microphone.

To configure audio devices:

$ alsamixer
$ pavucontrol

To hier voice from mic in speaker:

$ arecord | aplay
$ arecord -f cd | aplay -f cd

To list of available devices:

$ aplay -l
$ aplay -L
$ arecord -l
$ arecord -L

$ pactl list

Play simple sounds.

$ sudo apt-get install sox
$ play -n synth sin 440 vol -40dB
$ play -n synth 10 square 100-10000 synth sin fmod 100 vol -40dB

Record from microphone

$ arecord out.wav
$ arecord -f cd -t raw | oggenc -r -o out.ogg -
$ arecord -f cd -t raw | lame -r - out.mp3
$ sox -t alsa default out.wav
$ audacity &

Check HDA params.

$ sudo apt-get install alsa-tools-gui
$ hdajackretask

See also:

provides a graphical interface to access the raw HD-audio control

Suitable convertors?

$ sudo apt-get install ffmpeg


$ sudo apt-get install sox

List of sox supported format: See sox(1).

List of ffmpeg supported format:

$ ffmpeg -formats

How convert amr to ogg/mp3?


Converting music formats

$ sox in.mp3 out.ogg
$ sox in.ogg out.wav
... etc

How convert flac to mp3?

$ flac -c -d $file.flac | lame -m j -q 0 -V 0 -s 44.1 - $file.mp3

How convert wma to mp3?

$ mplayer -vo null -vc dummy -af resample=44100 -ao pcm:file=$file.wav $file.wma
$ lame -m s $file.wav -o "$file.mp3
$ rm $file.wav

How convert m4a to mp3?

$ faad -o - $file.m4a | lame -V 0 - $file.mp3

How split mp3/ogg files?

Split mp3 and ogg files:

$ mp3splt


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